As we age, people usually experience muscle atrophy, loss of bone density, and a reduction in liver and kidney cells. Additionally, the loss of tissue reduces the amount of water in the body. All of this can result in weight loss that may be noticeable, but not necessarily cause for alarm.
What causes an elderly person to lose weight?
Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The most common etiologies are malignancy, nonmalignant gastrointestinal disease, and psychiatric conditions.
Is weight loss normal in the elderly?
About 15% to 20% of seniors experience sudden weight loss, according to the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Though some weight loss can be a normal part of aging — partially due to shrinking muscle mass — losing a substantial amount of weight over a short period of time can be a sign of an underlying condition.
When should you worry about weight loss?
The point at which unexplained weight loss becomes a medical concern is not exact. But many doctors agree that a medical evaluation is called for if you lose more than 5 percent of your weight in six months to a year, especially if you’re an older adult.
How can elderly gain weight?
The best food options to help seniors gain weight are your high-calorie foods such as healthy fats found in avocados, nuts, seeds, cold-pressed oils. Additionally, increasing calories by adding extra lean protein, additional portions of whole grains, or dairy products.
What tests are done for unexplained weight loss?
Tests that are commonly done include:
- Complete blood count (CBC): A CBC can show evidence of infections, anemia (a lack of red blood cells that can be caused by many conditions), and more.
- Thyroid panel.
- Liver function tests.
- Kidney function tests.
- Blood sugar (glucose)
What does sudden weight loss indicate?
Sudden, noticeable weight loss can happen after a stressful event, although it can also be a sign of a serious illness. It’s normal to lose a noticeable amount of weight after the stress of changing jobs, divorce, redundancy or bereavement.
Is weight loss a symptom of dementia?
Weight loss may occur throughout the course of Alzheimer’s disease, but becomes more common as the disease progresses. From a scientific standpoint, there is growing evidence that weight loss later in life can be an early warning sign of mental decline and the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
Can dementia cause rapid weight loss?
Studies have shown that once dementia reaches its final stages, one in every two or three affected people will experience severe weight loss. Weight loss may occur despite the person with advanced dementia being given all the food they want. Weight loss may be part of the process of dying from dementia.
What illnesses can cause extreme weight loss?
However, unintentional weight loss may be a sign of one of these medical conditions.
- Muscle loss. Muscle loss, or muscle wasting, can lead to unexpected weight loss.
- Overactive thyroid.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Inflammatory bowel disease.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
How much weight loss is concerning in a month?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it’s 1 to 2 pounds per week. That means, on average, that aiming for 4 to 8 pounds of weight loss per month is a healthy goal.
What happens when a person loses too much weight?
Extreme weight-loss deprives your body of the essential nutrients that are necessary for healthy function. Furthermore, deficiencies in certain nutrients like vitamin D and calcium can lead to an increased risk of developing certain health conditions or predispose you to injury.
How can elderly increase their appetite?
How to Increase and Stimulate Appetite in the Elderly
- Create a routine.
- Pack in those nutrients.
- Eat with others.
- Fight dry mouth.
- Embrace finger foods.
- Encourage healthy snacking.
- Drink meals instead.
- Make it special.
How much weight can an elderly person loss?
After the age of 65, it’s typically normal to lose 0.2 to 0.4 pounds of body weight every year. Unintentional weight loss can be dangerous if you lose 5% or more of your body weight every 6-12 months.
How many calories does a 90 year old woman need?
A female older than 70 years should eat between 1,600 to 2,000 calories daily if you are a sedentary to active.