How Serious Is Pertussis For Elderly To Contract?
Conclusions. Adults over the age of 65 are more likely than those between the ages of 45 and 64 to be admitted to the hospital with pertussis.
What is the most common cause of death in pertussis?
Secondary bacterial pneumonia is the most prevalent consequence of pertussis and is responsible for the majority of pertussis-related fatalities. Young newborns are at the greatest risk of developing problems linked with pertussis infection.
How serious is pertussis in adults?
Whooping cough can linger for up to ten weeks and can result in pneumonia and other consequences if not treated promptly. When whooping cough symptoms appear, they may be mistaken for those of other medical illnesses. Always seek medical advice before making a decision about your health.
How does whooping cough affect the elderly?
Whooping cough (Pertussis) is an illness that affects both children and adults. Pertussis is most common in newborns, children who have not been inoculated, and the elderly. If left untreated, complications such as pneumonia, ear infection, vomiting, and dehydration might occur, among other things.
What is the mortality rate of whooping cough in adults?
Pertussis epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention are all covered (whooping cough) Adults (aged 20 years and older) and adolescents (aged 10–19 years) account for almost half of all cases. Infants younger than 6 months of age had a case fatality rate of 0.8 percent.
How many cases of whooping cough are there in 2020?
From January 1, 2020, to April 30, 2020, 174 pertussis cases were recorded in 38 counties across the United States. Since 2015, the number of pertussis cases recorded each year has been steady at about the same level. As seen by the white bars in the graph, the number of cases in 2020 was somewhat greater than the number of cases in non-peak years throughout this time period.
When was the last outbreak of whooping cough?
The California Department of Public Health recorded 3,458 instances of pertussis between January 1, 2014 and June 10, 2014, according to the most recent data available. The government deemed the outbreak to have reached epidemic proportions, citing the fact that 800 cases had been documented in a space of only two weeks.
Does whooping cough damage lungs?
Various childhood (and occasionally adult) lung diseases, such as TB, measles, whooping cough, and pneumonia, can cause bronchiectasis, which is characterized by damaged lung tissue.
Can whooping cough be fatal?
Whooping cough is extremely dangerous, especially in infants and young children. Whooping cough can result in pneumonia, convulsions, brain damage, and even death if not treated promptly. Babies less than one year of age who have whooping cough may require hospitalization or may possibly die as a result of the illness.
What are the complications of whooping cough?
In newborns, pertussis may be quite severe, and infants are more prone than older children or adults to have complications from the disease. Bacterial pneumonia is the most prevalent consequence of pertussis infection. Seizures, inflammation of the brain, and death are all possibilities for rare consequences.
Is whooping cough coming back?
Although pertussis has grown less common over the previous 25 years, the disease has become more prevalent again as a result of inadequate vaccination coverage and people choose not to get immunized at all. Recent years have seen widespread outbreaks, with more than 100 deaths documented since 2010. Several states have had substantial epidemics in recent years.
Can whooping cough cause heart problems?
Dr. Kathryn M. Edwards, a professor of pediatrics at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and head of the Vaccine Research Program, says the virus can cause pneumonia, starvation, seizures, lung and heart failure, among other complications. Two out of every three babies under one year of age who contract whooping cough have respiratory difficulties.
What are the 3 stages of pertussis?
Pertussis is an acute respiratory illness caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, which is extremely infectious and very contagious. There are three phases to this disease: catarrhal, paroxysmal, and convalescent. The catarrhal stage is characterized by modest symptoms that may go unrecognized.
Is whooping cough still around?
The condition is debilitating in adults, but it will ultimately pass. Especially in newborns, it can be life-threatening.″ Most people in the United States are no longer familiar with whooping cough, which is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. The United States initiated large immunization campaigns in the 1940s, which resulted in the illness being practically eliminated.
How does Bordetella pertussis spread?
Pertussis is contagious and spreads from person to person. The most common way for people who have pertussis to transfer the disease to others is by coughing or sneezing, or by spending a lot of time together in close proximity where you share breathing space.
Who does pertussis affect the most?
Those who are most at danger At this time, the age groups with the greatest number of pertussis diagnoses are infants under one year of age and teenagers between the ages of 10 and 20. All people under the age of 18 who have not received the necessary number of doses of pertussis vaccination are at risk, regardless of their age.