Fractures occur in elderly people because of skeletal fragility. Appendicular fractures are usually precipitated by a fall. Falls account for 90% of hip fractures, and the risk of falling increases with age.
Why are older people more prone to fractures?
The risk of fracture due to poor bones increases with age, and this is further enhanced by osteoporosis. Genetics also plays a role in an individual’s risk of fracture. Those of us with parents who had a hip fracture have an increased risk of fracture.
Why do older people break bones?
Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is the leading cause of geriatric fractures. This disease gradually affects the density and quality of bone over time, weakening the skeletal system and increasing the risk of fracture. This can make osteoporotic fractures particularly dangerous for seniors over the age of 50.
Why are fractures more common in the elderly than in younger adults?
Due to the physiologic changes of aging as well as common comorbidities, older adults are at high risk for fractures. Difficulties with gait, vision, and proprioception (due to neuropathy or medications) contribute to falls. Household hazards such as throw rugs and lintels can contribute to falls.
What is the most common fracture in elderly?
Falls account for nearly 75% of all geriatric trauma, and are the most common cause of fractures in older people. Most falls occur from standing height or less, resulting in fragility fractures in older adults who often have multiple comorbidities and functional impairments.
Why do people get fractures?
Causes of bone fractures can include: Traumatic incidents such as sporting injuries, vehicle accidents and falls. Conditions such as osteoporosis and some types of cancer that cause bones to fracture more easily, meaning even minor trauma and falls can become serious.
What are the common causes of fracture?
The most common causes of fractures are:
- Trauma. A fall, motor vehicle accident, or tackle during a football game can all result in fractures.
- Osteoporosis. This disorder weakens bones and makes them more likely to break.
- Overuse. Repetitive motion can tire muscles and place more force on bone.
What age are fractures most common?
The mean age for fractures traditionally considered to be fragility fractures was above 63 years (both genders combined). Proximal femur fracture was the most closely associated with high age; 97.8% of individuals sustaining this fracture were 50 years of age or more and 77.2% were 75 years of age or more (Table 3).
Where is the most likely site of a fracture from a fall in the elderly?
For seniors, fractures are the most serious consequence of falls (short of death). The most common bones to fracture in falls are: The hip, femur (thigh bone), pelvis, and vertebrae (spine);
What is the most common fracture?
The collarbone, or clavicle, is one of the most frequently broken bones. It’s the most common type of fracture in children and teens.