Poor nutrition can lead to severe health consequences in people of all ages. Unfortunately, the elderly are at an even greater risk of harm. Part of this is because of the natural loss of fat and muscle mass as they age. Certain risks are also greater in the elderly because of existing health conditions.
What are the two main signs of malnutrition in an elderly person?
But some common signs of malnutrition in older people may include their clothing, jewellery and dentures becoming loose, having a reduced appetite, lack of interest in food and drink, tiredness, altered mood, and weakness.
What are the signs and symptoms of poor nutrition?
7 Signs of Inadequate Nutrition Unexplained Fatigue . Fatigue is a common side effect of iron deficiency, which can lead to anemia, indicated by low levels of red blood cells. Brittle and Dry Hair . Ridged or Spoon-Shaped Nails. Mouth Problems. Diarrhea. Apathy or Irritability. Lack of Appetite.
What is the most common cause of poor nutrition?
What Causes Poor Nutrition? Poor eating habits include under- or over-eating, not having enough of the healthy foods we need each day, or consuming too many types of food and drink, which are low in fibre or high in fat, salt and/or sugar.
How can elderly improve nutritional status?
Practical Tips Make Meals and Snacks Nutrient -dense. Add Extra Calories Without Extra Volume. Use Herbs and Spices When Preparing Foods. Make Meals Colorful and Appealing. Serve Several Small Meals and Snacks. Do Not Fill Up on Non-nutritious Items. Make Mealtime Enjoyable and Social. Use Nutrition Supplements When Necessary.
What are the factors affecting nutrition in the elderly?
Socioeconomic, psychological, ethnic, physiological , and pathological factors all influence dietary intake , interacting in a complex and inter- twining manner. For example, financial stress can lead to depression , which in turn adversely affects dietary intake .
What are the signs of malnutrition in the elderly?
If you suspect senior malnutrition, watch for these signs: Excessive or prolonged sadness. Lack of energy . Memory issues or oncoming dementia . Getting sick often. Bruised or dry, cracked skin. Wounds that are slow to heal.
What happens if you dont get enough nutrition?
A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb or get from food the necessary amount of a nutrient . Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
What does lack of food do to the body?
Typical signs that you’re not eating enough can include feeling tired, getting ill more often, hair loss, or skin problems. While obesity and related conditions are on the rise, the dangers of undereating are relatively overlooked. Undereating can have a range of adverse effects on a person’s health and wellbeing.
What are the side effects of not eating?
9 Signs That You’re Not Eating Enough Low Energy Levels. Calories are units of energy your body uses to function. Hair Loss . Losing hair can be very distressing. Constant Hunger. Inability to Get Pregnant. Sleep Issues. Irritability. Feeling Cold All the Time. Constipation.
What diseases are caused by lack of nutrition?
Any currently treated or untreated nutrient deficiency or disease . These include, but are not limited to, Protein Energy Malnutrition, Scurvy, Rickets, Beriberi, Hypocalcemia, Osteomalacia, Vitamin K Deficiency , Pellagra, Xerophthalmia, and Iron Deficiency .
How do you fix poor nutrition?
Solutions: Eat smaller meals and snacks more frequently. Talk to your provider. Avoid non-nutritious beverages such as black coffee and tea; instead choose milk and juices. Try to eat more protein and fat, and less simple sugars. Walk or participate in light activity to stimulate your appetite.
What are signs of poor health?
7 Health Warning Signs You Should Not Ignore Tearing sensation. If you feel a tearing sensation in your back, you may think you’ve pulled a muscle. Crushing chest pain. Tingling in the arms or other extremities. Dizziness. Sweating . Numbness. Swelling.