Often asked: Why Do The Elderly Get Pneumonia?

As people age, their immune systems work less well, leaving them less able to fend off infections. Heart disease, diabetes and other serious illnesses that are common in seniors increase risk of pneumonia. Seniors are more susceptible to the flu and other lung-related conditions, which sometimes develop into pneumonia.

What is the cause of pneumonia in elderly?

In the U.S., pneumonia in the elderly is usually caused by bacteria or a virus. Pneumococcal pneumonia is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia, affecting more than 900,000 Americans each year, according to the ALA. This type of pneumonia is caused by a germ called Streptococcus pneumoniae.

What are signs of pneumonia in the elderly?

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:

  • Chest pain when you breathe or cough.
  • Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older)
  • Cough, which may produce phlegm.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever, sweating and shaking chills.

Can elderly survive pneumonia?

Pneumonia in the elderly happens fast and the prognosis is poor, and elderly are susceptible to severe Pneumonia. The mortality rate for severe pneumonia is as high as 20% [4]. The principal cause of the death is respiratory insufficiency [5].

How serious is pneumonia in older adults?

Pneumonia can be life-threatening to seniors exposed to bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is most dangerous for people older than age 65 because seniors tend to have health issues or weakened immune systems.

What is the most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly population?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of pneumonia among the elderly. Aspiration pneumonia is underdiagnosed in this group of patients, and tuberculosis always should be considered. In this population an etiologic diagnosis is rarely available when antimicrobial therapy must be instituted.

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Is pneumonia treatable in elderly?

Some cases of pneumonia in older adults can be treated at home. However, depending on your symptoms and overall health, it’s also possible that you may be hospitalized. Antibiotics are used to treat pneumonia that’s caused by bacteria.

What are the 4 stages of pneumonia?

Stage 1: Congestion. Stage 2: Red hepatization. Stage 3: Grey hepatization. Stage 4: Resolution.

How long is recovery from pneumonia in the elderly?

Recovery of pneumonia in older adults can be a long process. According to one 2017 article, although some recover in 6 weeks, it may take as long as 12 weeks for others. It is important to rest for as long as possible during recovery. The fever should have resolved.

What is the survival rate for pneumonia in the elderly?

There is a high rate of mortality with pneumonia in the elderly. As much as 30 percent of individuals that are treated in a hospital for pneumonia die from it.

Can an 85 year old recover from pneumonia?

Most seniors who develop pneumonia recover from it. But how long it takes to recover depends on many factors, including what bacteria or virus caused it and whether the person is frail or has additional health conditions that make recovery more difficult.

What are the symptoms of dying from pneumonia?

The most common physical symptoms are:

  • feeling more severely out of breath.
  • reducing lung function making breathing harder.
  • having frequent flare-ups.
  • finding it difficult to maintain a healthy body weight due to loss of appetite.
  • feeling more anxious and depressed.
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What are the danger signs of pneumonia?

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:

  • Cough, which may produce greenish, yellow or even bloody mucus.
  • Fever, sweating and shaking chills.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Rapid, shallow breathing.
  • Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough.
  • Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue.

How can someone get pneumonia?

Ways you can get pneumonia include: Bacteria and viruses living in your nose, sinuses, or mouth may spread to your lungs. You may breathe some of these germs directly into your lungs. You breathe in (inhale) food, liquids, vomit, or fluids from the mouth into your lungs (aspiration pneumonia).

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