Why Do Elderly Need Vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 B12 is important for creating red blood cells and DNA, and for maintaining healthy nerve function. “Getting enough B12 is a challenge for older people because they can’t absorb it from food as well as younger people,” says Tucker. “Even if your diet contains enough, you may be falling short.”

What is the most common reason that vitamin B12 deficiency occurs in older adults?

Vitamin B12 deficiency is common among the elderly. Elderly people are particularly at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency because of the high prevalence of atrophic gastritis-associated food-cobalamin (vitamin B12) malabsorption, and the increasing prevalence of pernicious anaemia with advancing age.

How much B12 does a senior need?

Recommended Vitamin B12 Dosage for Seniors A recent study found that for seniors, a daily dose of 500 micrograms was efficient in reversing the signs of B12 deficiency. In general, experts recommend 2.5 micrograms of vitamin B12 per day for people over the age of 14.

What happens when your vitamin B12 is low?

Not having enough B12 can lead to anemia, which means your body does not have enough red blood cells to do the job. This can make you feel weak and tired. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause damage to your nerves and can affect memory and thinking.

Who is most at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency?

Who is at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?

  • A family history of the disease.
  • Having part or all of your stomach or intestine removed.
  • Autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes.
  • Crohn’s disease.
  • HIV.
  • Some medicines.
  • Strict vegetarian diets.
  • Being an older adult.
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What are the neurological symptoms of B12 deficiency?

A lack of vitamin B12 can cause neurological problems, which affect your nervous system, such as:

  • vision problems.
  • memory loss.
  • pins and needles (paraesthesia)
  • loss of physical co-ordination (ataxia), which can affect your whole body and cause difficulty speaking or walking.

What are the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency in the elderly?

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms

  • Pale or jaundiced skin.
  • Inflamed tongue.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Tingling sensations in the hands or feet.
  • Trouble walking.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Shortness of breath or dizziness.
  • Changes in thinking, memory and mood.

Does B12 raise blood pressure?

Vitamin B12 intake was significantly inversely associated with systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (P for trend was <0.001 and 0.006, respectively).

How much vitamin B12 should an 80 year old take?

Dosages for Older People Around this age, you should be getting around 2.4 micrograms of B12 a day. Not only does this mean consciously eating foods that contain vitamin B12 but it also means that you should ingest this vitamin as a supplement. By taking supplements, you will ensure that your body absorbs vitamin B12.

What medications should not be taken with B12?

Certain medications can decrease the absorption of vitamin B12, including: colchicine, metformin, extended-release potassium products, antibiotics (such as gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin), anti-seizure medications (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone), medications to treat heartburn (such as H2 blockers

How long does it take to recover from vitamin B12 deficiency?

Once you begin treating your vitamin B12 deficiency, it can take up to six to 12 months to fully recover. It is also common to not experience any improvement during the first few months of treatment.

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What disease is associated with a deficiency of B12?

Either a lack of vitamin B-12 or a lack of folate causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia). With these types of anemia, the red blood cells don’t develop normally. They are very large. And they are shaped like an oval.

What is the main cause of vitamin B12 deficiency?

However, the most common cause of vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia is a lack of a substance called intrinsic factor, which can be caused when your immune system mistakenly attacks the stomach cells that produce this substance. This type of anemia is called pernicious anemia.

Can Vitamin B12 deficiency cause death?

Failure to diagnose and treat in time, however, may result in permanent neurological damage, excessive fatigue, depression, memory loss, and other complications. In severe cases, the neurological complications of pernicious anemia can lead to death – hence the name, “pernicious”, meaning deadly.

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