Decreased serum sodium concentration is a rather frequent electrolyte disorder in the elderly population because of the presence of factors contributing to increased antidiuretic hormone, the frequent prescription of drugs associated with hyponatremia and also because of other mechanisms such as the “tea and toast”
Why do older people need less sodium?
As you get older it is important to keep salt intake as low as possible to help ensure that your blood pressure stays within a healthy range. Furthermore, with increasing age there is also an increased salt sensitivity meaning that salt has a greater effect on blood pressure.
How does low sodium affect the elderly?
Low sodium in the elderly can lead to other medical conditions such as a rise in blood pressure, a weakening of muscle tissue, and an imbalance body fluid, lethargy, confusion, and even seizures if it is left untreated.
Why is reducing sodium important?
Why is sodium reduction important? About 90% of Americans consume more sodium than they need for a healthy diet, and excess sodium can lead to high blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Lowering sodium can reduce high blood pressure.
Why is sodium intake a concern for adults over age 50?
Reducing sodium intake to fewer than 1,500 mg a day may be excessive for older adults, according to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. It’s well-established that consuming too much salt can lead to high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease and heart failure.
How does sodium levels affect the elderly?
Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities. Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include altered personality, lethargy and confusion. Severe hyponatremia can cause seizures, coma and even death.
Is salt good for elderly people?
If you follow a low salt diet, it will help keep high blood pressure and edema (swelling) under control. For many seniors needing a low salt diet, consuming less than 1500mg of sodium per day is ideal given that many older adults consume fewer calories in a day than the average person.
What is a dangerously low sodium level?
Severe hyponatremia occurs when levels drop below 125 mEq/L. Health issues arising from extremely low sodium levels may be fatal. Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder that doctors encounter. Research suggests that approximately 1.7 percent of people in the United States have the condition.
Can low sodium levels cause dementia?
Several studies reported that chronic hyponatremia resulted in mild cognition impairment (MCI) [7, 8], which in turn was associated with increased risk of progression to dementia  or death .
What are the symptoms of a lack of salt?
Common symptoms of low blood sodium include:
- fatigue or low energy.
- muscle cramps or spasms.
What happens if you don’t eat enough salt?
Salt loss (hyponatremia) In severe cases, low sodium levels in the body can lead to muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting and dizziness. Eventually, lack of salt can lead to shock, coma and death. Severe salt loss is very unlikely to happen because our diets contain more than enough salt.
Why is it important to limit the amount of sodium in your diet?
Our bodies require only a small amount of sodium each day to function normally. Eating too much sodium can lead to increased blood pressure, which can raise the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular conditions. Most adults in the United States exceed their recommended daily limit of sodium.
What happens if we stop eating salt?
Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet can: Lower your blood pressure. The amount of fluid in your blood decreases, which leads to lower blood pressure. Reduce your risk of a heart attack.
How much sodium should an elderly person have?
How Much Sodium Should Older Adults be Getting? It is recommended to keep daily sodium intake between 1500-2000mg.
How much salt does an elderly person need?
If you are over the age of 50, then you should be eating 2,300 mg of sodium per day (or less). Most older adults consume more than 3,400 mg of sodium each day, which is well above the recommended amount. If you have high blood pressure, the max sodium amount is 1,500 mg per day.
What is the recommended sodium intake for individuals 51 years of age and older?
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 (HHS and USDA, 2010b), the federal nutrition policy document, recommended retaining the goal that the general adult population should reduce consumption to less than 2,300 mg per day, but only that individuals 51 years of age and older, African Americans, and those with