The most common causes of anemia in the elderly are chronic disease and iron deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, gastrointestinal bleeding and myelodysplastic syndrome are among other causes of anemia in the elderly.
Is low blood count life threatening?
Anemia is a condition where you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells, to carry oxygen throughout your body. Anemia can be temporary or long term (chronic). In many cases, it’s mild, but anemia can also be serious and life-threatening.
Is anemia serious in the elderly?
The researchers also found that elderly people with anemia were associated with a 150% increase in hospitalization risk and a 200% increase in risk of being admitted to a nursing home. People with borderline anemia were found to be at 1.5 times the risk of those who were not anemic.
Why would a person’s blood count be low?
Low blood counts can have many causes, including vitamin deficiencies, bleeding, and rare bone marrow failure diseases like aplastic anemia, MDS and PNH. If your blood tests are abnormal, your doctor may do other blood tests or take a sample of your bone marrow to find out why.
What are the symptoms of low blood count?
If you have a low red blood cell count, you may:
- Feel a little tired or very tired.
- Feel less alert or have trouble concentrating.
- Have a loss of appetite or lose weight.
- Have paler-than-normal skin.
- Have trouble breathing.
- Have rapid heartbeat.
- Have reduced ability to exercise or climb stairs.
What is the treatment for low blood count?
Your doctor or health care provider may prescribe or suggest to treat your low red blood count: Epoetin alfa (PROCRIT®). Darbepoetin (Aranesp®). Iron supplement.
What happens when blood count gets too low?
A low red blood count, or anemia, can cause feelings of fatigue and weakness. When a person has a lower red blood count than is normal, their body has to work harder to get enough oxygen to the cells. A low red blood cell (RBC) count can cause a variety of symptoms and health complications.
Is it common for elderly to have low hemoglobin?
Or noticed “low hemoglobin” in a doctor’s report? Anemia means having a red blood cell count that is lower than normal, and it’s very common in older adults. About 10% of independently living people over age 65 have anemia. And anemia becomes even more common as people get older.
What causes anemia in elderly females?
Nevertheless, in the majority of cases of anemia in elderly persons, an etiology can be found. The most common causes include iron deficiency (with or without blood loss), chronic disease/inflammation, and chronic kidney disease.
How is severe anemia treated in elderly?
Treatment of anemia in older adults
- Iron supplementation. Ferrous sulfate. Ferrous gluconate. Ferrous fumarate. Polysaccharide iron.
- B12 supplementation.
- Folate supplementation.
- Dietary considerations. Seafood. Red meats. Beans and whole grains. Vegetables.
- Blood transfusion.
- Treatment of underlying cause or condition.
How do you raise low blood count?
Eating foods rich in these five nutrients can help you improve your red blood cell levels. Iron
- red meat, such as beef.
- organ meat, such as kidney and liver.
- dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale.
- dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins.
- egg yolks.
Should I be worried about low white blood cell count?
A low WBC count can be serious because it increases your risk of developing a potentially life-threatening infection. Seek prompt medical care if you have a low WBC count and have signs of an infection, such as a fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, or skin lesions.
What does low blood cells mean?
A low white blood cell count in adults is less than 4,000 cells per microliter of blood. A low white blood cell count can be an indicator of certain conditions, including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, vitamin deficiencies, or a side effect of cancer treatment.
How do you increase blood volume?
- Use more salt. Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise blood pressure, sometimes dramatically.
- Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in treating hypotension.
- Wear compression stockings.
What level of hemoglobin is dangerously low?
Hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb) is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. A low hemoglobin count is generally defined as less than 13.5 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter (135 grams per liter) of blood for men and less than 12 grams per deciliter (120 grams per liter) for women.