Causes of Pneumonia in Elderly People Pneumonia is caused by exposure to germs, most often bacteria or a virus. People of all ages come into contact with the organisms that cause pneumonia, but that contact results in pneumonia more often and in a more aggressive form in seniors.
What is the most common cause of pneumonia in the elderly population?
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of pneumonia among the elderly. Aspiration pneumonia is underdiagnosed in this group of patients, and tuberculosis always should be considered. In this population an etiologic diagnosis is rarely available when antimicrobial therapy must be instituted.
What are the 3 major causes of pneumonia?
The three main causes of pneumonia are bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Treatment depends on the cause. Pneumonia is a type of infection that affects your lungs. It can affect one or both lungs.
What are the 5 main causes of pneumonia?
Many germs can cause pneumonia. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. Community-acquired pneumonia
- Bacteria-like organisms.
- Viruses, including COVID-19.
What is the most common cause of pneumonia?
Common Causes of Pneumonia Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. In the United States, common causes of viral pneumonia are influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). A common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).
How can you tell if an older person has pneumonia?
Confusion and/or delirium are red-flag signs of pneumonia in elderly people as well as lower-than-normal body temperatures. Other signs, which can sometimes be confused with a cold and the flu, include: Chest pain during breathing or coughing. Feeling tired or weak.
What causes recurrent pneumonia adults?
Recurrent pneumonia most commonly occurs in patients with underlying lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchiectasis, immunocompromised patients, and those with a local obstructive process such as a tumor.
What are the 4 types of pneumonia?
- Types of Pneumonia.
- Walking Pneumonia.
- Viral Pneumonia.
- Bacterial Pneumonia.
- Chemical Pneumonia.
What are the 5 types of pneumonia?
- Bacterial pneumonia. This is caused by bacteria, the most common of which is streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Viral pneumonia. Responsible for about one-third of all pneumonia cases, this type is caused by various viruses, includingflu (influenza).
- Mycoplasma pneumonia.
- Fungal pneumonia.
How can someone get pneumonia?
Ways you can get pneumonia include: Bacteria and viruses living in your nose, sinuses, or mouth may spread to your lungs. You may breathe some of these germs directly into your lungs. You breathe in (inhale) food, liquids, vomit, or fluids from the mouth into your lungs (aspiration pneumonia).
How can the elderly prevent pneumonia?
If you’re an older individual, you can help to prevent pneumonia by doing the following:
- Getting the pneumococcal vaccine. This helps to prevent pneumonia due to S.
- Getting the influenza vaccine each year.
- Washing your hands regularly.
- Avoiding smoking.
- Making healthy lifestyle choices.
What are the danger signs of pneumonia?
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:
- Cough, which may produce greenish, yellow or even bloody mucus.
- Fever, sweating and shaking chills.
- Shortness of breath.
- Rapid, shallow breathing.
- Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough.
- Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue.
How can pneumonia be prevented?
You can help prevent pneumonia by doing the following:
- Get the flu vaccine each year. People can develop bacterial pneumonia after a case of the flu.
- Get the pneumococcal vaccine.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Don’t smoke.
- Practice a healthy lifestyle.
- Avoid sick people.
What is the most common treatment for pneumonia?
Mild pneumonia can usually be treated at home with rest, antibiotics (if it’s likely be caused by a bacterial infection) and by drinking plenty of fluids. More severe cases may need hospital treatment.
What type of pneumonia does Covid cause?
Most people who get COVID-19 have mild or moderate symptoms like coughing, a fever, and shortness of breath. But some who catch the new coronavirus get severe pneumonia in both lungs. COVID-19 pneumonia is a serious illness that can be deadly.
What virus causes pneumonia?
Viruses that can lead to pneumonia include: Influenza (flu) A and B viruses, the most common causes in adults. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is more common in infants and children than in adults. Coronaviruses, including SARS-CoV-2, the new virus that causes COVID-19.