The RDA for which of the following is NOT increased for elderly individuals? Water DRI increases after age 70. The absorption of all of the following nutrients are often diminished in the elderly EXCEPT: vitamin B12.
Which of the following factors is associated with increased longevity?
Significant factors in life expectancy include gender, genetics, access to health care, hygiene, diet and nutrition, exercise, lifestyle, and crime rates.
What disease is caused by reduced gastric acid secretion?
Hypochlorhydria, a Major Public Health Problem Hypochlorhydria (HCH) is defined as a pathological condition characterized by reduced or even absent (achlorhydria) acid secretion through parietal cells of the stomach .
Which aging process follows a biological timetable?
The programmed theories imply that aging follows a biological timetable (regulated by changes in gene expression that affect the systems responsible for maintenance, repair and defense responses), and the damage or error theories emphasize environmental assaults to living organisms that induce cumulative damage at
Which of the following is a circumstance or condition that directly contributes to the difficulty that many older adults have in eating enough to meet their energy needs?
people with chronic (long-term) disorders – for example, eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia, and. people who are recovering from a serious illness, or condition – particularly those with a condition that affects their ability to eat, such as a stroke.
Which is a factor that contributes to the overall increased life expectancy in older adults?
Over the last 50 years, improvements in standards of living (income, nutrition and education) and health care (curative and preventive medicine) have resulted in a significant increase in life expectancy for adults of all ages, including those of advanced age .
What factors affect the life expectancy?
Life expectancy is affected by many factors such as: socioeconomic status, including employment, income, education and economic wellbeing; the quality of the health system and the ability of people to access it; health behaviours such as tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition and lack of exercise;
What causes excessive gastric acid secretion?
There are several causes of high stomach acid. Examples include H. pylori infection, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, and rebound effects from medication withdrawal. If left untreated, high stomach acid can lead to complications like ulcers or GERD.
What is the maximum amount of protein intake that would typically be recommended for an elderly person to consume each day if the individual weighs 80 kg?
After reviewing additional evidence, an international group of physicians and nutrition experts in 2013 recommended that healthy older adults consume 1 to 1.2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight daily — a 25 to 50 percent increase over the RDA.
What is Hyperacidity Hypoacidity what may cause them?
Hyperacidity, also known as gastritis or acid reflux, is the inflammation of the stomach’s lining that is usually caused by bacterial infection or other lifestyle habits like alcohol consumption.
What is the Ageing process?
Aging is a gradual, continuous process of natural change that begins in early adulthood. During early middle age, many bodily functions begin to gradually decline. People do not become old or elderly at any specific age. Traditionally, age 65 has been designated as the beginning of old age.
What are the 3 biological theories of aging?
1) Wear and tear theory, where vital parts in our cells and tissues wear out resulting in ageing. 3) Cross-linking theory, according to which an accumulation of cross-linked proteins damages cells and tissues, slowing down bodily processes and thus result in ageing.
What are the 3 theories of aging?
Three major psychosocial theories of aging— activity theory, disengagement theory, and continuity theory —are summarized and evaluated.
Which of the following is not a class of nutrients?
nucleic acids are not a major class of nutrients. Macronutrients used in the body are those that are needed in large quantities and include: carb
What are the 5 dietary guidelines?
Appendix DDietary Guidelines for Americans Guidelines and Key Recommendations
- Eat a variety of foods.
- Maintain ideal weight.
- Avoid too much fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
- Eat foods with adequate starch and fiber.
- Avoid too much sugar.
- Avoid too much sodium.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
Which of the following foods is the least nutrient dense?
Candy, pastries, chips, bacon, and sugar-sweetened beverages are less nutrient dense. These foods contain added sugar, solid fats, and refined starch, and they provide few essential nutrients.