Fall-related Injuries In general, fractures are the most common serious injury resulting from falls in older persons. Specifically, fractures of the hip, wrist, humerus, and pelvis in this age group result from the combined effects of falls, osteoporosis, and other factors that increase susceptibility to injury.
Where is the most likely site of a fracture from a fall in the elderly?
For seniors, fractures are the most serious consequence of falls (short of death). The most common bones to fracture in falls are: The hip, femur (thigh bone), pelvis, and vertebrae (spine);
Which bones most commonly fracture in elderly?
The most common fractures in older adults are vertebral fracture from compression or trauma, followed by hip and distal radius fractures.
What bones can you break from falling?
Any bone in the arm, elbow or wrist can break in a fall and make work and other activities challenging. Legs, knees, and ankles. It may be difficult to walk, drive, or even stand after a break in the leg, knee, or ankle.
What is commonly broken by a fall by elderly people with osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced.
What to watch for after an elderly person falls?
8 Things the Doctors Should Check After a Fall
- An assessment for underlying new illness.
- A blood pressure and pulse reading when sitting, and when standing.
- Blood tests.
- Medications review.
- Gait and balance.
- Vitamin D level.
- Evaluation for underlying heart conditions or neurological conditions.
What happens when an elderly person breaks a bone?
Elevated Death Risks According to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, broken bones have a long-lasting effect in older individuals. Specifically, this injury can increase death risk for up to 10 years after the incident and may be a catalyst for other adverse health events.
How long do seniors live after a fall?
According to Cheng, “An 80 year old often can’t tolerate and recover from trauma like a 20 year old.” Cheng’s team found that approximately 4.5 percent of elderly patients (70 years and above) died following a ground-level fall, compared to 1.5 percent of non-elderly patients.
What is the most serious type of fracture?
Compound Fracture This is one of the most severe injuries: A compound or open fracture is when the bone pierces the skin when it breaks. Surgery is usually called for due to its severity and the risk of infection. Treatment for a Compound Fracture: This type of injury is an emergency.
Why are bone fractures more common in seniors?
Fractures occur in elderly people because of skeletal fragility. Appendicular fractures are usually precipitated by a fall. Falls account for 90% of hip fractures, and the risk of falling increases with age.
What are the 4 types of bone fractures?
These are the main types of bone fractures:
- Simple or Closed Fracture. A bone fracture is classified as simple or closed if the broken bone remains within the body and does not push into or out of the skin.
- Compound or Open Fracture.
- Incomplete or Partial Fracture.
- Complete Fracture.
How can the elderly prevent fractures?
Steps to prevent fragile bones
- Consume adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D (see “Recommended Calcium and Vitamin D Intake” chart).
- Exercise several times a week.
- Ask your doctor about a bone mineral density test.
- Ask about medications to slow bone loss and reduce fracture risk.
What’s the difference between a broken bone and a fractured bone?
There’s no difference between a fracture and a break. A fracture is any loss of continuity of the bone. Anytime the bone loses integrity—whether it’s a hairline crack barely recognizable on an X-ray or the shattering of bone into a dozen pieces—it’s considered a fracture.
Can a 90 year old recover from a broken hip?
The length of recovery from hip fractures among older patients can increase with age. In general, the older individuals are and the greater number of conditions they have, the longer it can take to recover. The recovery time for a hip replacement ranges from four weeks to up to six months.
What types of forces most commonly cause fractures?
The most common causes of fractures are:
- Trauma. A fall, motor vehicle accident, or tackle during a football game can all result in fractures.
- Osteoporosis. This disorder weakens bones and makes them more likely to break.
- Overuse. Repetitive motion can tire muscles and place more force on bone.
Can elderly increase bone density?
Specifically weight training and walking are beneficial for increasing bone density in middle-aged and older people . Regular weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises can reduce the risk of falls and fractures [78, 79, 80, and 81].